Tagged: Buddha

Gautama Buddha or Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha (Sanskrit: सिद्धार्थ गौतम बुद्ध; Pali: Siddhattha Gotama) was a spiritual teacher from the Indian subcontinent, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.

The word Buddha is a title for the first awakened being in an era. In most Buddhist traditions, Siddhartha Gautama is regarded as the Supreme Buddha (P. sammāsambuddha, S. samyaksaṃbuddha) of our age, “Buddha” meaning “awakened one” or “the enlightened one.” Gautama Buddha may also be referred to as Śākyamuni (Sanskrit: शाक्यमुनि “Sage of the Śākyas”).

Ancient City of Buddhas

( The Buddha // Nidānasamyutta )

Suppose, a person wandering through the forest would see an ancient path, an ancient road traveled upon by people in the past. They would follow it and would see an ancient city, an ancient capital that had been inhabited by people in the past, with parks, groves, ponds, and ramparts, a delightful place. Then that person would inform the king or a royal minister : ‘Sire, know that while wandering through the forest I saw an ancient path, an ancient road traveled upon by people in the past. I followed it and saw an ancient city, an ancient capital that had been inhabited by people in the past, a delightful place. Renovate that city, sire!’ Then the king or the royal minister would renovate  the city, and some time later that city would become successful and prosperous, well populated, filled with people, attained to growth and expansion.

So too, I saw an ancient path, the ancient road traveled by the Perfectly Enlightened Ones of the past. And what is that ancient path, that ancient road? It is this Noble Eightfold Path; that is, right view, right intention, right speech, right actions, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration. I followed that path and by doing so I have directly known aging-and-death, its origin, it’s cessation and the way leading to it’s cessation. I have directly known birth … existence … clinging … craving … feeling … contact … the six sense bases … name-and-form … consciousness … volitional formations (sankhara), their origin, their cessation and the way leading to their cessation. Having directly known them, I have explained them to all wise people who were prepared to hear it. As a result, this holy life, wise ones, has become successful and prosperous, extended, popular, widespread and well proclaimed amongst devas and humans.

Sand Castles

( The Buddha // Rādasamyutta )
Suppose some little boys or girls are playing with sand castles. So long as they are not devoid of lust, desire, thirst and craving for those sand castles, they cherish them, play with them, treasure them, and treat them possessively. But when those little boys or girls lose their lust, desire, thirst and craving for those sand castles then they scatter them with their hands and feet, demolish them, shatter them, and put them out of play.
So too, wise ones, scatter all illusion, demolish it, shatter it, put it out of play; practice for the destruction of craving. For with the destruction of all craving is Enlightenment.

Measureless liberation of the mind

( The Buddha // 7. Godatta, Cittasamyutta, Salayatanavagga )

A wise one dwells pervading one quarter with a mind imbued with loving kindness, likewise the second quarter, the third quarter, and the fourth quarter. Thus above, and so below, across and everywhere, to all as oneself, one dwells pervading the entire world with a mind imbued with long kindness, vast, exalted, measureless, without hostility, without ill will. One dwells pervading the entire world with a mind imbued with compassion, altruistic joy, and equanimity. Thus above, and so below, across and everywhere, to all as oneself, one dwells pervading the entire world with a mind imbued with equanimity, vast, exalted, measureless, without hostility, without ill will. This is called measureless liberation of the mind.

Wealth in the Worldly Life

( The Buddha // Rāsiya, Salāyatanavagga, Gāmanisamyutta )

One may be praised on four grounds who enjoys the worldly life :
1) One seeks wealth lawfully, without violence, with right livelihood. 2) Having done so, one makes oneself happy and pleased. 3) One shares with others, doing meritous deeds. 4) One uses one’s wealth without being tied to it, un-infatuated with it, not blindly absorbed in it, seeing the danger in it, and understanding the escape.

A great rain cloud of mindfulness

( The Buddha //  9. At Vesālī, Anāpānasamyutta, Mahāvagga, Samyutta Nikāya, Pali Canon )

Just as in the last month of the hot season, when a mass of dust and dirt has swirled up, a great rain cloud out of season disperses it and quells it on the spot, so too concentration by mindfulness of breathing, when developed and cultivated, is peaceful and sublime, an ambrosial pleasant dwelling, and it disperses and quells evil unwholesome states on the spot whenever they arise. And how is this so?

Having gone to the forest, to the foot of a tree, or to an empty room, one sits down. Having folded the legs crosswise, straightened the body, and setup mindfulness in front of one’s self, just mindful one breathes in, mindful one breathes out, training thus : “Contemplating detachment, I breath in. Contemplating detachment, I breath out.”

In such a way this ploughing is done

( The Buddha //  12. Kasi Bhāradvāja, Brāhmanasamyutta, Sagāthāvagga, Samyutta Nikāya, Pali Canon )

Faith is the seed, austerity the rain,
Wisdom my yoke and plough;
Virtue is the pole, mind the yoke tie,
Mindfulness is my ploughshare and goad.

Guarded in body, guarded in speech,
Controlled in my appetite for food,
I use truth as my weeding-hook,
And gentleness as my unyoking.

Energy is my beast of burden,
Carrying me to security from bondage.
It goes ahead without stopping
To where, having gone, one does not sorrow.

In such a way this ploughing is done
Which has the eternal life as its fruit.
Having finished this work of ploughing,
One is released from all suffering.

I kindle the inner light alone

(The Buddha //  9. Sundarika, Brāhmanasamyutta, Sagāthāvagga, Samyutta Nikāya, Pali Canon)

When kindling wood, do not imagine
This external deed brings purity;
The masters say no purity is gained
By one who seeks it outwardly.

Having given up the fire made from wood,
I kindle the inner light alone.
Always ablaze, my mind is always concentrated,
Fully liberated in the eternal life.

Four Possessions of a Stream-enterer

(The Buddha // 6, Sotāpattisamyutta, Mahāvagga, Samyutta Nikāya, Pali Canon)

The noble disciple who possesses four things is a stream-enterer. What four? Here, a noble disciple possesses confirmed confidence in 1.) the Buddha, 2.) the Dharma and 3.) the Sangha. 4.) One dwells at home with a mind devoid of the stain of stinginess, freely generous, open handed, delighting in relinquishment, one devoted to charity, delighting in giving and sharing. A noble disciple who possesses these four things is a stream-enterer, no longer bound to the nether world, fixed in destiny, with enlightenment as the destination.

For whom you have compassion…

( The Buddha // Samyutta Nikaya )

Wise ones, those for whom you have compassion and who think you should be heeded — whether friends or colleagues, relatives or kinsfolk — these you should teach, clarify and establish in the development of the dharma.

The Spiritual Powers

( The Buddha // Iddhipādasamyutta )

O wise ones, these four bases for spiritual power, when developed and cultivated, are noble and emancipating; they lead the one who acts upon them to complete enlightenment. What four? Here, wise ones, one develops the basis for spiritual power that possesses concentration due to 1) desire, 2) energy, 3) mind, 4) investigation, with volitional formations of striving. These four bases of spiritual power lead one who acts upon them out to complete enlightenment.

When the four bases of spiritual power have been developed and cultivated in this way, a wise one wields the various kinds of spiritual power: having been one, one becomes many; having been many, one becomes one; one appears and vanishes; ones goes unhindered through a wall, through a rampart, through a mountain as though through space; ones dives in and out of the earth as though it were water; one walks on water without sinking as though it were earth; seated cross legged, ones travels in space like a bird; with the hand one touches and strokes the moon and sun so powerful and mighty; one exercises mastery with the body as far as the supreme spiritual world.

Wise ones, to whatever extent one wishes, one understands the minds of other beings, and persons, having encompassed them with one’s own mind … With the divine eye which is purified and surpasses the human, one sees beings passing away and being reborn, inferior, and superior, beautiful and ugly, fortunate and unfortunate, and understands how beings fare according to their karma … By the destruction of all taints, in this very life, one enters and dwells in the perfected liberation of mind, liberation by wisdom, realizing it for oneself with direct knowledge.