Tagged: Buddha

Gautama Buddha or Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha (Sanskrit: सिद्धार्थ गौतम बुद्ध; Pali: Siddhattha Gotama) was a spiritual teacher from the Indian subcontinent, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.

The word Buddha is a title for the first awakened being in an era. In most Buddhist traditions, Siddhartha Gautama is regarded as the Supreme Buddha (P. sammāsambuddha, S. samyaksaṃbuddha) of our age, “Buddha” meaning “awakened one” or “the enlightened one.” Gautama Buddha may also be referred to as Śākyamuni (Sanskrit: शाक्यमुनि “Sage of the Śākyas”).

Meditate

( The Buddha // Dvedhāvitakka Sutta, Pali Canon)

Meditate, O wise ones, do not delay or else you will regret it later. This is all the enlightened ones’ instruction to you.

Gone Beyond

(The Buddha // Salayatanavagga, Pali Canon)
O wise ones, there are forms cognizable by the senses that are desirable, lovely, agreeable, pleasing, sensually enticing, tantalizing. This is called “the ocean” in the Noble One’s Discipline. Here this world with its devas, Māra, and Brahmā, this generation with it’s spiritual wanderers, devas and humans,
for the most part is submerged, become like tangled hair, like a knotted ball of thread, like matted reeds and rushes, and cannot pass beyond the plane of misery, the bad destinations, the nether world, samsāra. One who has expunged lust and hate, and all ignorance Has crossed this ocean so hard to cross, With it’s dangers of sharks, demons, waves. The knowledge-master who has lived the holy life, Reached the world’s end, is called one “gone beyond.” The tie-surmounter, death-forsaker, without aquisitions, This one has abandoned suffering for no renewed existance. Passed away, and immeasurable, I say: This one has bewildered the King of Death.

A Single Excellent Night

( The Buddha // Bhaddekaratta Sutta )

Let not a person revive the past
Or build hopes on the future;
For the past is left behind
And the future has not been reached.
Instead with insight let one see
Each presently arisen state;
Let one know that and be sure of it,
Invincibly, unshakeably.
Today the effort must be made:
Tomorrow Death may come, who knows?
No bargain with Mortality
Can keep death and it’s hordes away,
But one who dwells in wisdom,
Relentlessly, by day, by night —
It is this one, the Peaceful Sage has said
Who has had a single excellent night.

One should persue pleasure within oneself…

( The Buddha // Ananavibhanga Sutta
)
One should know how to define pleasure, and
knowing that, one should persue pleasure within oneself. Quite
secluded from sensual pleasures, secluded from unwholesome states,
a wise one enters upon and abides in the jhanas of meditative
absorption. This is called the bliss of renunciation, the bliss of
seclusion, the bliss of peace, the bliss of enlightenment. I say,
this is the kind of pleasure that should be persued, developed,
cultivated and should not be feared. It is with referrence to this
that it was said : ‘One should know how to define pleasure, and
knowing that, one should persue pleasure within oneself.’ href="http://journal.phong.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Buddha_Wallpaper_1920x1200_by_ALFDCLXVI.png"> class="alignnone size-large wp-image-1176" title="Buddha"
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Abundant, Exulted & Immeasurable

( The Buddha // Kakacūpama Sutta, Pali Canon )

When others address you, their speech may be timely or untimely, true or untrue, gentle or harsh, connected with good or connected with harm, spoken with a mind of loving-kindness or with inner hate.

Wise ones, suppose a man came with a blazing grass-torch and said : ‘I shall heat up and burn away the river Ganges with this blazing grass-torch.’ What do you think? Could that man heat up and burn away the river Ganges with that blazing grass-torch?” ― “No, Buddha” ― “Why is that?” ― “Because the river Ganges is deep and immense; it is not easy to heat it up and burn it away with a blazing grass-torch. Eventually the man would reap weariness and disappointment.”

So too there are these five courses of speech. Herein, wise ones, you should train thus : ‘Our minds will remain [like the river Ganges] unaffected, and we shall utter no evil words; we shall abide compassionate for their welfare, with a mind of loving-kindness without inner hate. We shall abide pervading that person with a mind imbued with loving-kindness, and starting with them, we shall abide pervading the all-encompassing world with a mind imbued with loving-kindness, abundant, exulted, immeasurable, without hostility, and without ill-will.’ That is how you should train, O wise ones.

One reunites hose who are divided…

The Buddha // Sevitabbasevitabba Suta, Pali Canon

What kind of verbal conduct causes unwholesome states to diminish and wholesome states to increase in one who cultivates it? […]

One abandons malicious speech, and abstains from malicious speech; one does not repeat elsewhere what one has heard here in order to divine these people from those; one reunites those who are divided, is a promoter of friendships, enjoys concord, rejoices in harmony, delights in peace and is a speaker of words that promote unity.

In brief, how to become enlightened…

Majjhima Nikāya : 37 : Culatanhasankhaya Sutta // The Shorter Discourse on the Destruction of Craving, Pali Canon

HOW TO BECOME ENLIGHTENED –
When Sakka, king of the gods, spontaneously appeared from beyond and asked The Buddha to describe, in brief, how one is to become enlightened, this was his response :

“Here, ruler of the gods, one has heard that nothing is worth adhering to. When one has heard that nothing is worth adhering to, one directly knows everything; having directly known everything, one fully understands everything; having fully understood everything, whatever feeling one feels, whether pleasant or painful or neither-painful-nor-pleasant, one abides contemplating impermanence in those feelings, contemplating detachment, contemplating cessation, contemplating relinquishment. Contemplating thus one does not cling to anything in the world. When one does not cling, one is not agitated. When one is not agitated, one personally attains Nibbana [enlightenment].

“Briefly, it is in this way, ruler of the gods, that one is liberated in the destruction of craving, one who has reached the ultimate end, the ultimate security from bondage, the ultimate holy life, the ultimate goal, one who is foremost among gods and humans.

The Wilderness in the Heart

(The Buddha)
What are the five wildernesses in the heart which are to be abandoned?

Here one is doubtful, uncertain, undecided, and unconfident about :
1. The teacher…
2. The dhamma…
3. The sangha…
4. The training…
5. If one is angry, displeased with his companions in the holy life, resentful and callous towards them…

…and thus the mind does not incline to ardour, devotion, perseverance, and striving – these are the five wilderness in the heart that are to be abandoned.

What are the five shackles in the heart that are to be severed?

Here one is not free from lust, desire, affection, thirst, fever, and :
1. craving for sensual pleasures
2. craving for body
3. craving for form
4. eating as much as one likes until the belly is full and then indulging in the pleasures of sleeping, lolling, and drowsing…
5. aspiring to some order of the gods thus: ‘by this virtue or observance or asceticism or holy life, I shall become a [great] god or some [lesser] god,’…

…and thus ones mind does not incline to ardour, devotion, perserverance, and striving – these are the five shackles of the heart to be severed.

Any one who has abandoned these five wildernesses of the heart and severed these five shackles in the heart can come to growth, increase and fulfillment in this Dhamma and Discipline.

One develops the four bases of spiritual power consisting in concentration due to :
1. zeal…
2. energy…
3. purity of mind…
4. concentration…
5. enthusiasm…
… and determined striving.

One who thus possesses the fifteen factors is capable of attaining the supreme security from bondage (anuttara yogakkhema) / arahantship.

Majjhima Nikāya : 16 : Cetokhila Sutta

‘This is not mine, this I am not, this is not my self.

(The Buddha)
Any kind of material form whatever, whether past, future or present, internal or external, gross or subtle, inferior or superior, far or near, all material form should be seen as it is with proper wisdom thus :
‘This is not mine, this I am not, this is not my self.’

[This includes] Material form, feeling, perception, formations and consciousness.

Majjhima Nikaya : 62 : Maharahulovada Sutta
(The Greater Discourse of Advice to Rahula)

Satipaṭṭhāna Sutta on Mindfulness

“Ditte dittha-mattam bhavissati.
Sute suta-mattam bhavissati.
Mute muta-mattam bhavissati.
Vinnate vinnata-mattam bhavissati.”

(Buddha)
Malukyaputta-sutta, Samyutta-nikaya,
Salayatana-vagga 2.77

Translation :
In sight is just the seen.
In sound is just the heard.
In thinking is just the thought.
In cognizing is just the cognized.